Unidentified men of the 5th Division partaking in cigarettes and resting by the side of the Montauban road, near Mametz, while enroute to the trenches. Most of the men are wearing sheepskin jackets and woollen gloves and are carrying full kit. C. December 1916.

Two members of the 8th Battalion manning the recently improved Biscuit Trench. Facing the camera is Corporal (later Sergeant) A Lawton of C Company and on the right is Lieutenant (later Adjutant) A D Temple MC, Lewis Gun Officer. At the time German troops were located 300 yards away.

Two members of the 8th Battalion manning the recently improved Biscuit Trench. Facing the camera is Corporal (later Sergeant) A Lawton of C Company and on the right is Lieutenant (later Adjutant) A D Temple MC, Lewis Gun Officer. At the time German troops were located 300 yards away.

GALLIPOLI, TURKEY, 1915-08. A front line trench after the attack on Lone Pine, with dead or wounded lying in the foreground. A soldier watches anxiously from the shelter of the sandbags as a comrade makes his way over the top of the trench, only his legs being visible. 

GALLIPOLI, TURKEY, 1915-08. A front line trench after the attack on Lone Pine, with dead or wounded lying in the foreground. A soldier watches anxiously from the shelter of the sandbags as a comrade makes his way over the top of the trench, only his legs being visible. 

A group of unidentified men of the 6th Brigade near the entrance to the B8 tunnel in the trenches on the Gallipoli Peninsula. In the centre is a periscope, which one of the men is using to observe the Turks. The man standing at the back and facing the camera has the initials SB on his slouch hat, indicating he is a stretcher bearer (this also appears on his armband) , and the word Colac. It was known for men to indicate their home town on their hats to informally identify themselves to other men from the same place.

A group of unidentified men of the 6th Brigade near the entrance to the B8 tunnel in the trenches on the Gallipoli Peninsula. In the centre is a periscope, which one of the men is using to observe the Turks. The man standing at the back and facing the camera has the initials SB on his slouch hat, indicating he is a stretcher bearer (this also appears on his armband) , and the word Colac. It was known for men to indicate their home town on their hats to informally identify themselves to other men from the same place.

1st Battalion troops having taken 80 yards of a Turkish trench, waiting near Jacob’s Trench for relief by the 7th Battalion. These men had been fighting continuously from the beginning of the Lone Pine attack on 6 August 1915.

9 August 1915

Men of the 17th Battalion out for a rest after serving in the trenches at Quinn’s Post, Anzac Cove. Lieutenant Chambers (holding white pad) is calling the roll. c. September 1915.

Quinn’s Post was one of the Australian positions closest to the Turkish lines with the trenches being at some places only meters apart. Fighting at positions like Quinn’s was constant and there was a never ending stream of casualties coming down to the beach from the trenches there.

Lone Pine, 1915. A sniper in an Australian trench.

Unidentified members of the 39th Battalion partaking in hot coffee in the front line trenches held by the battalion. Owing to the German observation of this sector their was great difficulty in getting hot meals to the men in the front line. Note the strombus horn, for gas alarms, above the man in the centre of the image.

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Swag level at a all time high. Rice rations Marseille, France 1914

The bodies of dead Turks in Marine trench, their rifles with bayonets attached are laying next to bodies. Barbed wire is in the foreground and Johnston’s Jolly is in the distance.